Cyrene Museum, inv. number unknown.
Rectangular white marble base, broken at the back and chipped along all edges (0.63; 0.23;0.42).
Inscribed on the front.
0.028-0.032; without serifs, theta with a small dot in the centre, mu and sigma each with four slanting strokes, nu slightly shorter at right, xi without vertical stroke, phi with flat loop.
Place of Origin
First half of fourth century B.C. (lettering)
Found in 1977 at Cyrene pleiades; HGL : Enclosed sanctuary of Demeter and Kore : area F13/G13, 2, 2.
Last recorded Location
Seen by C. Dobias-Lalou in 1979 in Shahat : in front of the Casa Parisi, which is part of the Cyrene Museum , .
Text constituted from
Transcription from stone (CDL).
White, 1987 White, D., 1987, Demeter Libyssa, her Cyrenean cult in light of the recent excavations, in Cirene e i Libyi: Atti del Simposio Internazionale, Roma-Urbino, 13-16 aprile 1981, Quaderni di Archeologia della Libya (QAL)12, 67-84 - see in bibliography , p. 79, footnote 76 and Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique Dobias-Lalou, C.Bulletin Épigraphique in Études Grecques (REG)1987- - see in bibliography , 1987.830, whence SEG Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum, Leiden, then Amsterdam, 1923-1971, then 1979- - see in bibliography , 37.1673 bis; Reynolds, 2012 Reynolds, J.M., 2012, Appendix: the inscriptions on stone and lead, in D. White (ed.), The extramural sanctuary of Demeter and Persephone at Cyrene, Libya, final reports VIII: the sanctuary’s imperial architectural development, conflict with Christianity, and final days, Philadelphia - see in bibliography , A.3.
Patrophila fille de Bakal, en exécution d'un voeu, a consacré.
Patrophila daughter of Bakal, having made a vow, dedicated.
Patrophila figlia di Bakal, a séguito di un voto, ha dedicato.
There was some discussion about the date, that Reynolds (and White) said to be inside the fourth century, while Dobias-Lalou, followed by SEG, suggested the second half of third century. A new examination leads to propose the first half of the fourth century.
The dedicant has a purely Greek name whereas her father's name is of Libyan origin, a fact that is not unfrequent in Cyrenaica. Given the context, the dedication is for Demeter alone or with Kore.
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