IGCyr | GVCyr

The IGCyr corpus assembles nearly 900 inscriptions from Greek Cyrenaica (VII-I centuries B.C.). The majority of these inscriptions have been published previously, sometimes in versions which can be improved, while nearly 100 of them are unpublished. The GVCyrcorpus assembles about 60 Greek metrical inscriptions from Greek and Roman Cyrenaica; some have been published already, but they have never been studied together.

Most of these texts have been re-read by Catherine Dobias-Lalou, who as a member of the French archaeological mission in Libya from 1976 was able to examine most of the material available in Shahat (Cyrene), Susa (Apollonia) and paid shorter visits to Tulmaytha (Ptolemais), Tocra (Taucheira), Benghazi (Euesperides/Berenike) and other locations. Further improvements have been provided by Gianfranco Paci and Silvia Maria Marengo, who have both studied the inscriptions from Cyrenaica for many years; it has also been possible to draw on the archive of earlier epigraphists of the Italian mission held by the University of Macerata. The GVCyr corpus, where texts from the Greek period are not the most numerous, profited from Joyce Reynolds’ documentation, including some unpublished items. Documents that are both prose and verse have been inserted into the GVCyr corpus (except for gvcyr033 and igcyr097100, which are distinct entries; the same for gvcyr042 and IRCyr C.749). The publication, online, of all these inscriptions in one single new critical edition has been made possible by Lucia Criscuolo, Alice Bencivenni and the University of Bologna, which is hosting the IGCyr-GVCyr corpora.

The collection is made up of transcriptions, squeezes and illustrations for the majority of the texts, held in the archives of the Centre de recherche sur la Libye antique de l'Université Paris IV Sorbonne, in the personal archive of Catherine Dobias-Lalou and in the archives of the University of Macerata. Some of the remainder are illustrated in photographs held in the archives of the Libyan Department of Antiquities at Shahat (Cyrene). Furthermore Catherine Dobias-Lalou took advantage of the IRCyr project archive in London, which was generously put at her disposal. We did not include, as being part of other collections, the inscriptions painted on vases (see for the project), captions on coins and marks on anphoras and tiles.

The Inscriptions of Greek Cyrenaica project is publishing these materials in two online EpiDoc corpora: IGCyr and GVCyr, which can be consulted separately, or cross-searched. Each inscription record presents metadata description, bibliography, Greek text, apparatus, translation into modern languages (English, French, Italian and Arabic), and commentary, together with the fullest available collection of illustrations. The new corpora are presented as two series of documents; but, as with IRT and the IRCyr corpus, they also include geographical information linking to the project of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World, in New York, . That information can in turn be linked to other ancient world data via the system. The Advanced Search page, in addition, will offer the opportunity to browse the Prosopographia Cyrenaica, a long awaited study, carried out by the late André Laronde, which is currently being completed.

AB (rev. CR)