Trismegistos ID: 738325

Source Description


Rectangular altar cut in the rock, surrounded by a regular margin and originally separated in two unequal parts; a deep transversal trench cutting the rectangle in the middle of the width might be a pit for libations (whole altar 0.96; 0.46; -; inscribed margin 0.96; 0.06; -).


Inscribed on the upper border; many later Greek and Arabic letters were scratched everywhere.


0.04; epsilon with oblique bars, rho with large loop not quite circular.

Place of Origin



Fifth century B.C. (lettering)


Found before 1923 in the Port of Cyrene, later Apollonia : at top of Kallikrateia Rock .

Last recorded Location

Seen by C. Dobias-Lalou in 1982 and many other times in situ.

Text constituted from

Transcription from stone (CDL).


Ferri, 1923 , p. 8, n. 7e, fig. 8, and Oliverio, 1932-1933 , pp. 166-167, n. 48, tab. XXVII, figs. 52-53, whence SEG , 9.350; Reynolds, 1976 , n. 1, whence SEG , 27.1125bis. Cf. Chamoux, 1998 , and Callot, 1999 , pp. 85-86, n. 41, whence SEG , 48.2047; Dobias-Lalou, 2000 , p. 227.


 [c. 4 - 5]Καλλικρατείας.


1 (no gap mentioned by others at the beginning)

French translation

 [c. 4 - 5] de Kallikrateia.

English translation

 [c. 4 - 5] of Kallikrateia.

Italian translation

 [c. 4 - 5] di Kallikrateia.


The preserved name does not begin at the left end of the space available, where rests of illegible letters seem to exist under later graffiti; however there is not enough space for a word like ἐσχάρα. Might it be some form of ἱαρός?

The date of the inscription, erroneously given as first century B.C. in SEG , 9.350, was said «buona epoca» by Oliverio, 1932-1933 , pp. 166-167, n. 48 and «probably early third century B.C.» by Reynolds, 1976 , n. 1. But both epsilon and rho at least belong to an older period, even older than the end of the fourth century (so Callot, 1999 , pp. 85-86, n. 41 and Dobias-Lalou, 2000 , p. 227).

Chamoux, 1998 suggested that the name was an epithet or a cult-name of Artemis, as a protector of the port. For other deities honoured on the spot, see Dobias-Lalou, 2012 , pp. 230-231 and GVCyr052.

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