Dedication, plausibly to Demeter and Kore


Trismegistos ID: 738605

Source Description


Cyrene Museum (Storeroom of the American excavations), 73-445.


Bottom right-hand corner of block of coarse-grained white marble (0.115; 0.09; -; diameter 0.135).


Inscribed on the face which is encrusted.


0.015 to 0.02; without serifs; circular letter smaller than the rest, dissymmetrical nu, slanting sigma.

Place of Origin



Perhaps fifth or fourth century B.C. (lettering)


Found in 1974 at Cyrene : Enclosed sanctuary of Demeter and Kore : area C15/16, 1, 1.

Present Location

Not seen by IGCyr team.

Text constituted from

Transcription from previous editor.


Reynolds, 2012 A.2 (no image). Cf. Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique , 2013.480.


[------]   [---]  [Θ]εανὼ [---] [ὑπερδι]κεῖσα


French translation

 [---] Theano  [---]  en qualité d' hyperdikos .

English translation

 [---] Theano  [---]  acting as hyperdikos .

Italian translation

 [---] Theanò  [---]  in qualità di hyperdikos .


The feminine name Θεανώ may be in the nominative or accusative case, thus naming either the dedicant or the woman whose statue was dedicated. Too much is lost to decide.

For line 2 we accept and develop a suggestion of J.M. Reynolds: one example of the corresponding aorist participle survives in a complete dedication in the same sanctuary (IRCyr C.451) and one of the present participle at Arsinoe-Taucheira, also in a sanctuary of Demeter and Kore (IRCyr T.25). Other mentions of ὑπέρδικος and the related verb mean 'pleading for, advocate' and the context is generally judicial. In IRCyr C.451 a woman is mentioned as having been hyperdikos and priestess, but it is not clear whether she was both at the same time or successively. J.M. Reynolds suggests that this woman's role might be to plead for other women wanting to be initiated. She would be a kind of intercessor.

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