Cyrene Museum, 3004.
Rectangular limestone block, broken off below and chipped on all edges and especially at right, with the face much damaged by strokes and even circular holes which might appear as circular letters on the images (0.315; 0.13;0.175).
Inscribed on the face in lines beginning all at the left edge.
0.018; regularly cut without serifs; dotted theta, small omicron, slanting sigma.
Place of Origin
Last third of fourth century B.C. (lettering)
Found before 1982 at Cyrene pleiades; HGL : exact findspot unrecorded.
Last recorded Location
Seen by C. Dobias-Lalou in 1982 in Shahat : Cyrene Museum .
Text constituted from
Transcription from stone (CDL).
Not previously published.
4 Μελανι [c. 2 - 3] : Μελάνι[ος] : (or) Μελανί[ππω]
Prôros fils d'Ar [---] , [---] fils de [---] makhos, Amyntas fils de [---] , Barthybas fils de Mélani [---] , Prolokhos fils d'Iasôn, [---] .
Proros son of Ar [---] , [---] son of [---] machos, Amyntas son of [---] , Barthybas son of Melani [---] , Prolochos son of Iason, [---] .
Proros figlio di Ar [---] , [---] figlio di [---] machos, Amyntas figlio di [---] , Barthybas figlio di Melani [---] , Prolochos figlio di Iason, [---] .
The present condition of the stone makes the reading extremely difficult. The lettering is very similar to that of the lists of military officers IGCyr014800 and IGCyr015100 and of some accounts of the damiergoi, all dated in the second half of the fourth century B.C. The name Barthybas, often considered Jewish, is certainly neither Jewish nor Greek, but probably Libyan, as it is known up to now only in Cyrenaican contexts (see Lüderitz-Reynolds, 1983 Lüderitz, G., and J.M. Reynolds, 1983, Corpus jüdischer Zeugnisse aus der Cyrenaika (mit einem Anhang von Joyce M. Reynolds), Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des vorderen Orients53, Reihe B, Wiesbaden - see in bibliography , p. 20 commenting IRCyr C.131).
The personal name Prolochos is new for Cyrenaica, but not unknown in Greece. The father's name at line 4 might be either the common Melanippos or the shorter Melanis, hitherto unattested in the region, but perhaps preferable for reasons of space. In fact, we do not know how much of the right edge is lost.
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