Dedication to Zeus Eri(nymenos?) and Hermes Dolios


Trismegistos ID: 738111

Source Description


Limestone altar with three compartments (dimensions unknown).


Inscribed below left (a) and central (b) compartments.


Eta for aspirate, archaic lambda.

Place of Origin



End of the sixth century B.C. (lettering)


Found in 1935 at Cyrene , while building the new portion of the Road: Cyrene to Apollonia , just outside the city wall.

Present Location

Not found.

Text constituted from

Transcription from previous editor (CDL).


SECir , 154; Dobias-Lalou, 1970 , pp. 241, 244-245, n. 8, whence SEG , 37.1673; Dobias-Lalou, 1987 , p. 89; Bevilacqua, 2009 , pp. 240-244.


column a
το͂ Ζε̄(νός) το͂ Ἐρι(νυμένō?)
column b
το͂ hερμᾶ το͂ Δολίō


a.1 SECir  το͂ Ζε̄(νός) (Pugliese) SECir   ⸢τόδε⸣

a.2 Dobias-Lalou, 1987  Ἐρι(νυμένō) : SECir  Ἐρι(ōνίō) (Pugliese)

a.1+b.1 Bevilacqua, 2009  τόζε το͂ hερμᾶ (read horizontally)

a.2+b.2 Bevilacqua, 2009  το͂ ἐρι(ουνίō), το͂ δολίō (read horizontally)

French translation

a: (Autel) de Zeus Éri(nyménos?).

b: (Autel) d'Hermès Dolios.

English translation

a: (Altar) of Zeus Eri(nymenos?).

b: (Altar) of Hermes Dolios.

Italian translation

a: (Altare) di Zeus Eri(nymenos?).

b: (Altare) di Hermes Dolios.


At a.1 τόζε, supposed by Pugliese Carratelli to be a variant of τόδε does not match the dialect (see Dobias-Lalou, 2000 , pp. 55-58).

At a.2:Ἐριούνιος is known for Hermes but never for Zeus. That is Bevilacqua's main argument for neglecting the vertical stroke dividing the inscription and to read our lines a.1 and b.1 together. However, this vertical stroke is in exact correspondance with the limit between the left and the central compartments of the altar. That is why Dobias-Lalou proposed an abbreviation of Ἐρινύμενος, a supposed epithet of Zeus passed on with slight corruption into Hesychius' Ἐλινύμενος· Ζεὺς ἐν Κυρήνῃ, which has no etymology.

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