Name of a Rhodian


Trismegistos ID: 738118

Source Description


Krater dated 500/450 B.C., Laconian ware (estimated diameter 0.4).


Scratched on the lip (width 0.105).


0.023; alpha with oblique bar ending at bottom of right stroke, beta with very flat loops, open eta for short e, dissymmetrical nu, trident-shaped chi (see commentary).

Place of Origin

Taucheira .


Between 500 and 450 B.C. (context, lettering)


Found between 1963 and 1965 at Taucheira : archaic votive deposit .

Present Location

Not seen by IGCyr team.

Text constituted from

Transcription from editors (HB).


Boardman-Hayes, 1966 , n. 976 (ph. dr.); Dobias-Lalou, 1970 , pp. 252-253, number 1; Marengo, 2010 , pp. 20-23, whence SEG , 60.1848. Cf. Dobias-Lalou, 2015 , pp. 69-70; Antonini, 2016 , pp. 45-46 and Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique 2017.638; Marengo, 2016 , pp. 165-166.


Ἀρχένβρ̣[οτ]  [c. 1 - 2 ---] 


1 Marengo, 2010  Ἀρχένβρ̣[οτ]  [c. 1 - 2] : Boardman-Hayes, 1966  ΑΡΧΗΝΒΑ̣ : Boardman-Hayes, 1966  ΑΡΨΗΝΒΑ̣ : Boardman-Hayes, 1966  Αρχην Βα̣[καλ?] (Anna Morpurgo Davies' suggestion) : Dobias-Lalou, 1970  ΑΡΧΗΝΒ

French translation

Arkhembr[otos---] .

English translation

Archembr[otos---] .

Italian translation

Archembr[otos---] .


For this graffito, no convincing explanation was given before S.M. Marengo's one: she rightly pointed out that it could be read only with the trident-shape letter as a chi and eta as a short e, both attested in the archaic lettering of Rhodes, the more so that such a reading produces a typical Rhodian name. The use of nu instead of mu before beta is a hypercorrect feature, as well as the use of eta instead of epsilon.

It cannot be decided whether the graffito was cut in Rhodes and brought to Cyrenaica or cut in Cyrenaica by a Rhodian traveller. In both cases, the vase, a Laconian ware, had travelled more or less through the Mediterranean sea ( contra Antonini, 2016 ). As to the script, the present use of trident-shaped chi in a Rhodian context should be compared with two other examples found at Cyrene: in IGCyr110100 the rest of the lettering is purely Cyrenaean, whereas IGCyr000430 is too fragmentary to allow any classification.

The name, when complete, might have been at the genitive case for an owner's mark or at the nominative for a dedicant's name, so that the exact text-type escapes us.

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