Dedication to the Dioscuri


Trismegistos ID: 738631

Source Description


Cyrene Museum (Storeroom of the Italian mission), CA06S3US3.


Fragmentary Chiote chalice, broken off at left and bottom, keeping one handle and about one half of the belly with its upper edge (0.078; 0.08;0.003; diameter 0.127).


Scratched on the outer side of the belly, at 0.009 to 0.026 from the upper rim.


0.002 to 0.006; right-to-left, three-strokes iota, crossed theta, san for sibilant, trident-shaped khi.

Place of Origin



End of seventh or beginning of sixth century B.C. (context, lettering)


Found by M. Luni in 2006 at Cyrene : temple of the Dioscuri on the Acropolis ridge (once said 'tempio ipetrale').

Present Location

Not seen by IGCyr team.

Text constituted from

Transcription from photograph (SMM).


Marengo, 2008 , pp. 26-33 (ph., dr.) (= Marengo, 2010 , pp. 120-127) and Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique , 2010.631, whence SEG , 58.1838. Cf. Dobias-Lalou, 2015 ; Dobias-Lalou, 2013-2014 , p. 185; Antonini, 2016 ; Marengo, 2016 , p. 168-169.


  ← (vac.) τοῖς Διοσϙόροις Μ  [c. 1 - 2]σαρχος ἀ 'ν' έθεκ̣[ε ---] 


1 Μ  [c. 1 - 2]σαρχος : Dobias-Lalou, Bulletin Épigraphique  Μ̣[νά]σαρχος : Marengo, 2008   [c. 2 - 3]σαρχος (perhaps Ἁγέσαρχος, Λύσαρχος or Σόσαρχος)

French translation

 [---] sarkhos a consacré (cette coupe) aux Dioscures.

English translation

 [---] sarchos dedicated (this cup) to the Dioscuri.

English translation

 [---] sarchos ha dedicato (questa coppa) ai Dioscuri.


The very short vertical stroke preserved at the beginning of the dedicant's name might be part of a mu or a san. So the very common Cyrenaean name Μνάσαρχος would be a favourite, but Σώσαρχος, suggested by Marengo, would also fit the gap perfectly.

This graffito has demonstrated the place of the Dioskoureion already mentioned by Pindar (Pyth. 5. 9-11).

The trident-shaped chi, along with other letters already attested in the archaic alphabet of Cyrene, was probably brought by Rhodian immigrants, whence a probable date around 580/570 B.C. Two other instances of that chi occur at IGCyr001920 and IGCyr000430 (see now Dobias-Lalou, 2015 , pp. 69-70). Other views at Antonini, 2016 .

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